How true is Peter Obi’s claim on poverty rate in northern Nigeria?


THE presidential candidate of the Labour Party, Peter Obi, has said that all the top 10 poorest states in the country are in northern Nigeria.

Obi said this during his address at the interactive session with the Arewa Joint Committee held at the Arewa House in Kaduna on Monday, October 17, 2022, while highlighting critical issues faced by the North.

READ: How accurate is Obi’s claim on Nigeria’s public debt profile?

“…If you go out today, out of 10 poorest states in Nigeria, 10 is in the North…,” Obi said.


All the top 10 poorest states in Nigeria are in the North, says Peter Obi.


Findings by The FactCheckHub show that Obi’s claim is MOSTLY TRUE.

The “2019 Poverty and Inequality in Nigeria” by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) remains the most authoritative data report on the state-by-state poverty rate in Nigeria.

The report stated that 40 per cent of the total population, or almost 83 million people, lives below the country’s poverty line of $381.75 per year.

According to the report, most of the poorest states in the country are mostly from northern Nigeria. In fact, the report indicates that nine of the top 10 states with the highest poverty rates are from the northern region.

However, Ebonyi, which is in the Southeastern geo-political region of the country, was ranked among the top 10 poorest states.

NBS' 2019 Poverty index rate in Nigeria
NBS’ 2019 Poverty index rate in Nigeria

They are Sokoto state (87.73%), Taraba state (87.72%), Jigawa state (87.02%), Ebonyi state (79.76%), Adamawa state (75.41%), Zamfara state (73.98%), Yobe state (72.34%), Niger state (66.11%), Gombe state (62.31%) Bauchi state (61.53%).

ALSO READ: Photo of Obi in handshakes with Tinubu is FAKE!


The claim by Peter Obi that all the top 10 poorest states in the country are in northern Nigeria is MOSTLY TRUE; findings revealed that 9 out of the top 10 states are from the north.



The verdict, initially stated as mostly false, was corrected to MOSTLY TRUE, as the NBS data shows that 9 out of the top 10 states in the country with the highest poverty rate are from northern Nigeria.

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Nurudeen Akewushola is a fact-checker with FactCheckHub. He has authored several fact checks which have contributed to the fight against information disorder. You can reach him via [email protected] and @NurudeenAkewus1 via Twitter.


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