Since Nigeria’s 2023 Presidential and National Assembly Elections were conducted on Saturday, February 25, 2023, there have been many claims circulating online and on some traditional media as results are being collated from various polling units across the country.
Our team of researchers, fact-checkers, social media monitors, editors, misinformation & disinformation experts drawn from the coalition partners, are working from the Nigerian Fact-checkers’ Coalition’s (NFC) Election Situation Rooms located in Abuja, Lagos and UK, to debunk election-related misinformation and disinformation contents targeted at spreading fake election results, inciting violence or influencing the outcome of election in general.
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This page is constantly being updated with verified checks. Kindly scroll downward to read them.
Here are the live-checks:
CLAIM: Peoples Gazette headline reads that soldiers shoot ‘Oluomo’ dead at collation centre.
THE FINDINGS: From the comment section, the NFC observed that some social media users were curious about which Oluomo was actually killed. Although the report states that PDP supporter Akinlabi Akinnaso, also known as Oluomo, was shot dead, reactions from commenters indicate confusion, prompting our check. The deceased is not the popular Lagos State NURTW chairman, MC Oluomo.
SOURCES: Vanguard Newspaper, Punch Newspaper
CLAIM: A Twitter user @drpenking tweeted an image that showed the Labour Party got 29,568 votes in Agege and claimed INEC switched the results to APC and reduced the numbers for Labour Party to 13,270.
THE FINDINGS: Updates from various news outlets shows that APC won the Labour Party by a landslide in Agege local government area. We collated the results for each party and found that APC actually had 29,568 votes while Labour Party had a lesser total number of votes.
SOURCES: Multiple media reports
CLAIM: The headline of a news report on ejesgist.ng claims that the presidential candidate of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), Atiku Abubakar, defeated the All Progressives Congress (APC) candidate, Bola Tinubu, to win all 20 local government areas in Osun State.
THE FINDINGS: Osun State has 30 local government areas. INEC result viewing portal shows that polling unit results of the 2023 presidential election have been uploaded from all 30 local government areas. The results declared at the national collation centre show that Atiku won 20 local governments while Tinubu won the remaining 10 LGAs.
SOURCES: INEC IRev portal, Multiple media reports
CLAIM: Bashir Ahmad, Special Assistant on Digital Communications to Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari, on his Twitter handle, claims that APC has won the elections in 14 states, PDP in 7, LP in 4 and NNPP in 1.
THE FINDINGS: Reports by credible media platforms such as Channels TV and Premium Times reveal that INEC has declared the results of only one state, Ekiti, out of the 36 States in Nigeria as of 9am on Monday.
SOURCES: Channels TV, Premium Times
CLAIM: Social media users say the image uploaded on INEC’s IReV for Ekiti polling unit, not the result sheet.
THE FINDINGS: NFC’s visit to the INEC IReV portal confirms the report to be true. The image uploaded on the portal, as of 10am on Monday, February 27, differed from the INEC result sheet for the polling unit with code 13/01/02/001 under Ado ‘B’ Inisa Ward/RA in Ado Ekiti local government area. It rather contained the image of a young lady in a room.
SOURCE: INEC IReV Portal
CLAIM: A Twitter user, @NajibHaruna_, claimed that Ibrahim Bello Muhammad, 27, the newly elected House of Reps member in Kebbi State is the youngest federal lawmaker in Nigeria’s history.
THE FINDINGS: Findings show that Gabriel Saleh Zock of the APC, a first-term member representing Kachial/Kagarko Federal Constituency of Kaduna State is currently the youngest lawmaker in the House of Representatives. Gabriel was born on November 20, 1985. He became a lawmaker at the age of 34. If Bello is sworn in, he would break the record.
SOURCES: Multiple media reports
CLAIM: A post shared on Facebook claimed that thugs have set fire to shops owned by Igbo traders in Ladipo market in Lagos. The post has also been circulated on WhatsApp.
THE FINDINGS: Checks showed that the video was from a 2022 fire incident in the market. Nosa Okunbor, the public relations officer of the Lagos State Emergency Management Agency (LASEMA), also said he has not received a report of any fire incident in the market as of Monday, February 27, 2023.
SOURCES: LASEMA, Google reverse image search
CLAIM: Social media users claimed that Peter Obi, the Labour Party’s (LP) presidential candidate, has polled over 1 million votes in Plateau State.
THE FINDINGS: The result is yet to be announced officially by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) as of 2.30 p.m. on Monday, February 27, when this report was filed. However, TheCable’s report on votes polled in Plateau State showed that Mr Obi had so far won eight LGAs while PDP won 2 LGAs out of the 17 LGAs in the state. In total, the LP presidential candidate polled 301,905 votes in Plateau state.
SOURCE: TheCable Newspaper
CLAIM: A one-minute and 38 seconds TikTok video circulating on WhatsApp claims that “Ekiti election 2023 is fake results.”
THE FINDINGS: The original video, which is 22 minutes long, was posted on YouTube nearly eight years ago, precisely on March 31, 2015. It shows the moment a former minister of Niger Delta, Godsday Orubebe, who was an agent of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) disrupted the national collation and announcement of the 2015 presidential election results on the same day the video was posted online.
SOURCES: YouTube, Premium Times, Punch newspaper
CLAIM: A Twitter user, Senior man (@her_genie) made a post with a pictorial chart of Premium Times’ election result dashboard revealing several numbers of votes scored by the top four candidates in the presidential election on Monday, February 27, 2023.
THE FINDINGS: The Premium Times official dashboard shows that the votes for the Labour Party, PDP, APC and NNPP had been doctored in the graphic shared by the Twitter user. Also, the chart in the post had also been rearranged by political parties with PDP first, followed by APC, LP and then NNDP instead of LP, PDP, APC and then NNDP.
Another detail that was excluded in the doctored chart is the total votes by states and the total votes by percentage (%), which is seen in the Premium Times dashboard. The graphic also missed the mark on the votes of senatorial district measured, which was 5,000, instead of 500,000 on the newspaper’s dashboard.
SOURCE: Premium Times
CLAIM: A viral WhatsApp claim has circulated challenging the authenticity of Labour Party’s (LP) votes (11,397) in Ekiti state.
THE FINDINGS: According to the ICIR‘s report on the presidential election results in Ekiti state, the total vote cast was 314,472 and the valid vote cast was 308,171. In the report, APC had 201,494 votes; PDP had 89,554 while LP had 11,397.
Thus, if you subtract 302,445 from 308,171, you will get 5,726. Therefore, the total number of votes from the remaining parties was 5,726. The total number of accredited votes according to the claimant is inaccurate.
CLAIM: An Instagram post by Tunde Ednut (@mufasatundeednut) asserts that the presidential candidate of the Labour Party, Peter Obi, won Owerri West Local Government Area (LGA) in Imo state and Ndola West LGA in Delta state.
THE FINDINGS: So far, no comprehensive report is available for both LGAs. In Imo state, INEC started collation of the presidential election results from the 27 local government areas of the state and later suspended collation in Nkwerre/Nwangele/ Njaba/ Isu Federal Constituency of Imo State.
A report by ThisDay also noted that INEC rejected election results presented at the commission’s state office in Asaba for Ika North-east Local Government due to discrepancy in the figures presented.
SOURCES: Punch and ThisDay newspapers
CLAIM: An invitation card with a claim that Babajide Sanwo-Olu, the Lagos state governor is holding a dinner and one-on-one conversation with the Igbo captain of industry is doing rounds on WhatsApp.
THE FINDINGS: As Bola Tinubu lost Lagos state, his historical stronghold, to the Labour Party (LP) following Saturday’s presidential election, there are speculations that the Lagos state governor is trying to get the Igbos in the state to vote for him in the forthcoming March 11 governorship election. Jubril Gawat, Sanwo-Olu’s senior special assistant on new media, debunked the claim in a tweet with a version of the invitation card stamped with “Fake News” on Monday, February 27, 2023.
SOURCE: Jubril Gawat, senior special assistant to the Lagos state governor on new media.
*This live-check was jointly researched and written by members of the Nigerian Fact-Checkers’ Coalition (NFC): Nurudeen Akewushola, Faith Abeka, Fatimah Quadri (FactCheckHub); Rosemary Ajayi (Digital Africa Research Lab); Daniel Adaji (The Insight); Elizabeth Ogunbamowo, Lois Ugbede, Cole Praise, Silas Jonathan, Temilade Onilede, Lateef Sanni (Dubawa); Catherine Adeniyi, Motunrayo Joel, Allwell Okpi, Seyi Awojuyigbe, Fatimah Abubakar, Abisola Olasupo (Africa Check); Rejoice Ewodage, Hannah Ajakaiye (FactsMatterNG), Shehu Olayinka and Bamas Victoria (ICIR).