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Video of naked women protesting is NOT from Lagos

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A claim that women in Lagos state are protesting naked over current economic hardship in Nigeria has been circulating on X.

The claim was accompanied by 30-second footage which was posted by an X user: @ejykmykel1.

In the footage, about five women were seen staging a protest naked with other people standing by while holding Nigerian flag alongside other banners in demonstration.

A Yoruba Fuji song could also be heard playing in the background blurring the audio from the scene.

The caption on the footage posted on X read:

Lagos Women protesting Naked, placing curse on Tunibu over hardship of the Nation.

The post has garnered over 750,000 views, more than 400 likes, over 400 reposts and more than 300 comments as of February 22, 2024.
The footage could also be seen here.

CLAIM

Video shows Lagos women protesting naked over economic hardship in Nigeria.

 

THE FINDINGS

Findings by The FactCheckHub revealed that the claim is MISLEADING!

A keyword search on the words ‘naked women protest’ on Google, provided results of different reports from November 2023.

From the search results displayed, an X post by The Nation Newspaper on November 22 2023, shows a photo of the banner held in the footage from the scene of the protest.

The caption on the post read:

Women protest naked against alleged killings, corruption in Anambra.
The same footage posted on X (formerly Twitter) could be seen here.
Further checks revealed that the video was from a protest in Anambra over cult killings in the state as reported by media platforms, including The Nation newspaper.
The Nation had reported that the protest took place on Wednesday, November 22, 2023 with over 1,000 indigenes of 20 villages in Awka community, Awka South local government area in Anambra state protesting against the incessant killings and attacks by cultists.
Few days after the protest, Daily Trust and Punch newspapers reported that the sponsor of the nude protest, Ozo Nweke, had been arrested as another group from the community accused Nweke, of land grabbing, intimidation, harassment, and rape.

THE VERDICT

The claim that the video shows Lagos women protesting naked over economic hardship in Nigeria is MISLEADING; the video was from a protest in Anambra State held in November 2023.

How Russia runs disinformation campaign against Zelensky – Report

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A recent Washington Post report based on Kremlin documents has unraveled how Russian President Vladimir Putin’s administration used a group of Russian political strategists to push a disinformation campaign to malign Ukrainian president, Volodymyr Zelensky.

The platform said the documents received from a European intelligence service revealed how Russia led by Putin earns its disinformation superpower status.

The documents include screenshots of a sophisticated digital dashboard measuring how well Vladimir Putin’s operatives spread falsehoods and propaganda to undermine democracies.

READ : Germany uncovers pro-Russia disinformation campaign on X – Report

“The files, numbering more than 100 documents, were shared with The Washington Post to expose for the first time the scale of Kremlin propaganda targeting Zelensky with the aim of dividing and destabilizing Ukrainian society — efforts that Moscow dubbed “information psychological operations,” part of the report reads. 

The Washington Post reported that this dashboard is reviewed nearly weekly by the Kremlin to measure the success of its “information psychological operations” targeting Ukraine. 

A translation of a sample screenshot from the dashboard indicates that it measures goals including discrediting the Ukraine government, dividing the elite in that country, demoralizing the Ukrainian armed forces, and creating divisions among the Ukrainian population. 

The platforms listed by the Russian officials that they use to spread disinformation include Twitter (X), Facebook, Telegram, and Instagram.

According to the report, Russian disinformation operatives internally use the Orwellian shorthand “additional reality” to describe the false claims they create and spread. 

One of the dashboards brags about getting two million views of a false claim that the family of a killed Ukrainian soldier had not received any support from the government. Another win was the spread of the falsehood that Kyiv defines its main war aim as “to fight to the last Ukrainian.”

“By early March, dozens of hired trolls were pumping out more than 1,300 texts and 37,000 comments on Ukrainian social media each week, according to one of the dashboard presentations. Records show that employees at troll farms earned 60,000 rubles a month, or $660, for writing 100 comments a day, “ the report reads.

“Most of the strategists’ reports to their political masters focused on the volume of content produced and total views, but for the first five months, they offered little in the way of evidence that the effort was having any impact on Ukrainians.”

The documents also include a price list to pay social media influencers “willing to work with Russian clients” and to pay up to $39,000 for pro-Russia commentaries published in major media outlets in the U.S. and Europe. 

Meta, MCA launch WhatsApp helpline to combat AI misinformation

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A WhatsApp helpline has been launched by Meta in collaboration with the Misinformation Combat Alliance (MCA) to address misinformation generated by AI, particularly deepfakes in India.

This was made known in an official statement by Meta. The project, which is scheduled to begin in March 2024, aims to give the public a way to report and validate questionable media, thereby assisting them in differentiating between real and fake content.

The statement added that users can send messages to the helpline, and digital labs, industry partners, and fact-checkers will in turn review and validate them. They would generally assess the content’s legitimacy and reveal any misleading or manipulative information.

“The initiative will see IFCN signatory fact-checkers, journalists, civic tech professionals, research labs and forensic experts come together, with Meta’s support,” said Bharat Gupta the president of Misinformation Combat Alliance.

The statement further highlighted that the focus of the programme is to implement a four-pillar approach – detection, prevention, reporting and driving awareness around the escalating spread of deepfakes along with building a critical instrument that allows citizens to access reliable information to fight the spread of such misinformation.

The Misinformation Combat Alliance is building a central unit for deepfake analysis, while Meta is working on a chatbot for WhatsApp. All of the helpline’s messages will be handled by MCA.

“The Deepfakes Analysis Unit (DAU) will serve as a critical and timely intervention to arrest the spread of AI-enabled disinformation among social media and internet users in India. Its formation highlights the collaboration and whole-of-society approach to foster a healthy information ecosystem that the MCA was set up for,” Gupta added.

Meta recently declared that it will categorize photographs created by AI across its networks, including Facebook, Instagram, and Threads. Users will be able to tell the difference between photographs that appear natural and ones that are artificially created. Any content with indicators of being produced by AI that are considered industry standard will have these labels applied to it.

Photo does not show $800 million cash discovered at Ikpeazu’s home

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A photo showing a stack of cash has surfaced online with a claim that the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) discovered $800 million (dollars) in cash stashed at the home of a former Abia state governor, Okezie Ikpeazu.

The photo has been circulated on various WhatsApp groups, X and Facebook.

READ : Claim that Alex Otti secures $50 million dollars for road construction in Abia is FALSE

For instance, a news blog, Igbo Times Magazine posted the image with a caption :

“Breaking  News: Efcc Discovered 800 Million Dollars Cash Stack At The Home Of Former Abia State Govern Okezie Ikpeazu. 

“Some EFCC officials stormed the House of Former Abia state govern Okezie Ikpeazu and recovered some 800 Million dollars cash stacked in his house.”

It was also seen here, here, here, and here.

CLAIM 

Photo shows a stack of cash found at the home of a former governor of Abia State, Okezie Ikpeazu.

 

THE FINDINGS

Findings by The FactCheckHub show that the claim is FALSE.

Screenshot of the post on X claiming a stack of cash was recovered from Ikpeazu.
Screenshot of the post on X claiming a stack of cash was recovered from Ikpeazu.

When subjected to Google Reverse Image search, the result shows that the image has been online since 2007.

According to Aljazeera, the cash and other valuable items were recovered by Mexico Police from a drug dealer whose house was raided. 

Furthermore, no credible media platform has reported the discovery of the $800 million dollars cash stashed at the home of the former governor. 

 

THE VERDICT 

The claim that the image shows money found at the home of a former Abia State governor, Okezie Ikpeazu is FALSE; findings show that the image has been online since 2007.

GlobalFact11: Fact-checkers to discuss AI, public policy and sustainability in Sarajevo

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THE International Fact-Checking Network (IFCN) is set to host stakeholders in the media, technology and information ecosystem at its 11th Global Fact-Checking Summit in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The summit which will be held from June 26-28, 2024 will bring together hundreds of fact-checkers and academia across the world to discuss critical issues like the rise of artificial intelligence (AI), evolving public policy landscapes, and ensuring the sustainability of their operations.

Presented by the International Fact-Checking Network at the Poynter Institute and hosted by Sarajevo-based organization Zašto ne, the summit promises a diverse programme with dedicated tracks on reporting and editing, public policy, AI and technology, media literacy, and research.

Experts will lead discussions on navigating the impact of AI on information verification, shaping public policy to combat misinformation, and fostering media literacy across communities.

Beyond global challenges, the summit will offer a unique look at the experiences of fact-checkers in the Balkans. Attendees will delve into war propaganda, state-sponsored disinformation, and contemporary online challenges like inauthentic content and digital regulation.

Commenting on the summit, Angie Drobnic Holan, the director of the IFCN, said, “This year, our community is collaborating to address several issues, including global elections, the rise of artificial intelligence, preserving free speech, and promoting online and offline information integrity. We will be able to exchange encouragement and best practices during our meeting in Sarajevo”.

Also speaking, Tijana Cvjetićanin, the head of fact-checking at Zašto ne, stated that “Our region is uniquely positioned to provide valuable perspectives on many of the ‘hot topics’ that will be covered in this year’s GlobalFact”.

This year’s programme also caters to verified IFCN signatories with exclusive sessions on platform partnerships, maintaining independence, and database control. Additionally, keynote speakers, renowned in fields like journalism, technology, and politics, will offer their insights throughout the event. Last year’s lineup included investigative journalist Jessikka Aro, Dr. Eun-Ju Lee, and Yoel Roth (former head of Trust and Safety at Twitter).

Registration for the Global Fact-Checking Summit is now open to the public via www.globalfact11.com.

Can ulcer be cured with honey, milk and citrus mixtures?

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A claim that stomach ulcer can be cured with a mixture of lime, oranges, eggs, milk, honey and some other items has surfaced on the internet.

The claim which was shared on X (formerly Twitter) by a user on the app, @Abdullahiabba_, stated that mixing a tin of milk, lime, oranges, eggs and honey will cure ulcer permanently if taken consistently in the morning and evening for three days.

The claim was posted on February 10, 2024, alongside an image of all the items needed. It further stated that if the ulcer is a chronic one, the mixture should be repeated for 7 days and he (the poster ) should be contacted if they need more details.

The caption read:

*PERMANENT CURE FOR ULCER* 1.Peak milk one tin 2.Pure honey two spoon (you can get it at islamic Chemist around you) 3.Two native eggs ( each is sold at 500 upwards) 4.Sweet orange two 5.Lime orange two All mixed together. After Mixing them together, you can share it into and take Morning and Evening, or you can take it all at once. You are going to repeat this process for 3 days straight, if your ulcer is very chronic then you will repeat it for 7 days. It cure Ulcer permanently. Pls Retweet for others to know and if there’s anything you don’t understand, you can send a DM.

The post have garnered over 164,000 views, more than 1,300 reposts, and over 1,700 likes as well as bookmarked over 1,400 times as of February 17, 2024.

Stomach ulcers which are otherwise known as peptic ulcers are open sores that develop on the inside lining of the stomach and the upper portion of the small intestine which is caused by an infection with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

The most common symptom of a peptic ulcer, according to medical doctors, is stomach pain.

 

CLAIM

Ulcer can be cured permanently with lime, orange, honey, milk and eggs mixture.

 

THE FINDINGS

Findings by The FactCheckHub prove the claim to be FALSE!

Citrus fruits like lime and orange are not advisable for individuals suffering from stomach ulcers as some people who have ulcer also have acid reflux which can relax the lower part of the esophagus, known as the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), doctors counselled.

A relaxed LES makes it easier for acid to back up into the esophagus and causes heartburn, indigestion, and pain.

Screenshot of the claim posted on X. INSERT: False verdict.
Screenshot of the claim posted on X. INSERT: False verdict.

Speaking with The FactCheckHub, Zuliah Abdulazeez, who specialises in reproductive and family health at the Department of Health Promotion, University of Ilorin, Kwara State noted that it is not advisable for ulcer patients to use orange and lime to treat themselves.

“Every ulcer patient should avoid acidic, greasy, spicy, fried foods and citrus fruits such as orange, lime, lemons and tomatoes. The emergency treatment for ulcer is antacids,” she emphasized.

Stomach ulcers are completely curable with proper treatment, she said. “Therefore, the patient should go to the hospital for diagnosis and treatment according to the doctor’s instructions.”

Eniola Owolabi, who is a medical officer at  063 NAF Hospital in Abuja, while agreeing with Abdulazeez noted that the claim is misleading.

“As an individual managing peptic ulcer, one of the crucial things to do is to avoid fruits from the citrus family or unripe fruits as they contain a high concentration of citric acid,” Owolabi maintained.

“So, saying that whatsoever mixture that contains lime and oranges cures ulcer is misleading,” she posited.

A study by the National Library of Medicine notes that honey can be used as an alternative treatment for treating gastric ulcer cause by NSAIDs and wounds. It however did not state or include the usefulness of eggs or citrus fruits as an alternative for treating ulcer.

The result of the study was also based on its antioxidant and cytoprotective activities.

In an article by WebMD, medically reviewed by Minesh Khatri, it stated that milk can’t help prevent or relieve an ulcer. Rather, it might make it worse by prompting your stomach to make more acid.

THE VERDICT

The claim that ulcer can be cured permanently with lime, orange, and eggs mixture is FALSE; ulcer can be cured permanently with the right medications prescribed by a doctor and not by taking citrus and acidic fruits.

Old video of youths protesting at Emir of Ilorin’s palace circulates online

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By Yunusa Umar

 

A video showing hundreds of youths chanting multiple songs at the Emir of Ilorin’s palace has surfaced online with a claim that it shows hungry mobs protesting over hunger in Kwara state.

The 26-second footage shows hundreds of youths chanting songs by the entrance to the palace of of Alhaji Ibrahim Sulu-Gambari, who is the Emir of Ilorin and chairman of Kwara State Traditional Rulers Council, over hunger and hardship in Nigeria.

An X user, @Omoelerinjare, with over 48,000 followers posted the video alongside the claim on February 17, 2024.

His caption read: “Breaking News: Serious protest at the Emir’s Palace in Ilorin Kwara State! “We are Hungry, the state is Hungry”.

The claim has garnered over 400,000 views, more than 2,000 reposts, over 700 comments quotes and 2,700 likes as of February 18, 2024.

The video was also shared by many X users as seen here, here and here. It has also gone viral on multiple social media platforms including Instagram, Nairaland and TikTok, among others.

 

CLAIM

Video shows youths protesting over hunger at the Emir of Ilorin’s Palace in Kwara state.

 

THE FINDINGS

Findings by The FactCheckHub show that the claim is MISLEADING.

Checks revealed that the video has been online since as far back as 2021 as seen in a Facebook post here.

When contacted the emir’s spokesman, Mallam Abdulazeez Arowona told The FactCheckHub that the video is old, stating that it was an old video prior to Nigeria’s 2019 general elections.

“The video is an incident from 2019 when they were preparing for the 2019 general election. It was the kind of gimmick used among politicians then just to outsmart themselves”.

He added that the Emir’s palace being the central point for all and sundry was a meeting point for solidarity.

“The released video does not have anything to do with the current situation. It is an old video that people are circulating online in response to the hardship in the country”, he said.

Local media platforms also reported that the video is an old footage as published by Trust Radio and Punch newspaper.

 

THE VERDICT

The claim that youths stormed the Emir of Ilorin’s palace over hunger in Kwara state is MISLEADING; checks show that it is an old video which has been online as far back as 2021.

Viral video does not show bundles of naira notes in warehouse

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A video with a caption that states that bundles of new naira notes were found in a warehouse in northern Nigeria has been circulating on X.

The 30-second footage which was posted by an X user: @akerele_s showed several men entering a warehouse with some of them wearing a black jacket alongside a security operative in view.

Some of the men could also be seen taking footage of the box-like items which were in rows and high layers in the video.

The caption on the video read:

This is Nigeria. A stack of newly printed naira =N= found in a big warehouse in northern Nigeria. This country sef. They really took advantage of @MBuhari they messed us up to the level we are today. Baba @officialABAT that’s why I said I want you to be vigilant if those people around you sir. A word is enough for the wise. May Allah see you through sir.

The video post, now deleted, have garnered a traction of over 90,000 views, more than 200 likes and about 200 reposts as of February 16, 2024.

Another X user, @goziedragon007 posted the same video with another caption thus:

Lovers of Nigeria come and see where una money is used to build walls
Bundles of new Naira being hidden in a warehouse in the North.
The video has also garnered a traction of over 49,000 views, more than 500 reposts and over 400 likes since when it was posted on February 15, 2024.

CLAIM

Video shows bundles of new naira notes hoarded in a warehouse in northern Nigeria.

 

THE FINDINGS

Findings by The FactCheckHub show that the claim is MISLEADING!

Screenshot of the video post on X. INSERT: Misleading verdict.

A version of the same video was uploaded by Arise News, TVC News and other credible media platforms on Tuesday, February 13, 2024.

The footage was from a scene of an operation carried out by the Public Complaints and Anti-corruption Commission (PCAC) in Kano state.

Media reports indicated that the anti-graft commission had embarked on the operation led by the executive chairman of the PCAC in Kano state, Muhuyi Magaji, following a tip-off that warehouses in two major markets in the state were hoarding food items.

The food items that were hoarded include millet, sorghum, sugar, flour, maize, spaghetti and macaroni.

A careful look at the video showed that one of the items with a green seal was the Golden Penny’s Mai Kwabo Spaghetti from the stable of Flour Mills of Nigeria Plc (FMN).

 

THE VERDICT

The claim that the video shows bundles of new naira notes hoarded in a warehouse in northern Nigeria is MISLEADING; the items in the video were identified as food items via multiple media reports.

AFCON 2023: Photo does not show Ivorian goalkeeper with charm at final match

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AN Arise TV journalist, Reuben Abati and other social media users have shared a photo showing a goalkeeper with a black object strapped to his back with a claim that it shows the goalkeeper of Côte d’Ivoire, Yahia Fofana, with a charm at the 2023 African Cup of Nations’ (AFCON) final match.

Côte d’Ivoire beats their Nigerian opponents at the Alassane Ouattara Stadium in Abidjan on Sunday, February 11, 2024, to add a third African title.

They rallied back from a goal down to finish the match 2-1. The Ivorians who smiled home with the $7 million prize money won their third title after winning in 1992 and 2015.

In his post on X (formerly Twitter), Abati posted the screenshot with a blogpost attached to it. 

“Video of Ivorian goalkeeper allegedly ‘wearing juju’ during AFCON final sparks speculation.”

The post has garnered over 680,000 views, more than 1,700 reposts, about 1,500 comments and over 4,500 likes as of February 16, 2024.

In the report, he referenced a post a by an X user, @DAMIADENUGA who posted a video alongside a caption that read:

“Be like ivory coast use jazz for us during that AFCON final.”

The post has generated over 40,000 views, with over 100 reposts and more than 400 likes on X as of February 16, 2024.

 

CLAIM

Video shows Ivorian goalkeeper wearing a charm at AFCON 2023’s final match.

 

THE FINDINGS

Findings by The FactCheckHub show that the claim is MISLEADING.

Screenshot of the purported image on X showing Ivorian goalkeeper with a charm.

The FactCheckHub reviewed the highlight of the match and found out that the goalkeeper in the viral image is not the Ivorian goalkeeper. 

First, The FactCheckHub observed that the Ivorian goalkeeper, Yalia Fofana, wore a black jersey during the match but the goalkeeper in the viral video wore a navy blue jersey. 

A further look showed that the goalkeeper in the viral video has an inscription which reads ASC JARAAF (Association Sportive et Culturelle Jaraaf) on his shirt which is a Senegalese professional football club based in Dakar. They play in the top division in Senegalese football and their home stadium is Stade de Diaraf in Dakar, Senegal.

In addition, the viral goalkeeper also wears jersey number 16 while the Ivorian goalkeeper wore the jersey number 1 during the match.

 

THE VERDICT

The claim that the video shows the Ivorian goalkeeper with charm strapped to his back during the final match of AFCON 2023 is MISLEADING; findings show that the video is unrelated to the tournament.

How to use Wayback machine to view deleted web pages

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THE Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine is a digital storage of information on the internet.

The platform enables users to access archived versions of webpages with Wayback Machine which holds more than 866 billion archived webpages, dating back to 1996 while also allowing them to save webpages.

It allows you to view and compare changes between two iterations of a webpage, view old versions of webpages, view webpages that no longer exists.

The platform enables fact-checkers to access claims made in the past or published in news reports or deleted posts to back up their findings.

Steps

1. Visit the Wayback Machine Website: Go to the Wayback Machine website here: web.archive.org
2. Enter the URL: In the Wayback Machine’s search bar, enter the URL of the website or webpage you want to explore or view its historical versions.
3. Select a date: The Wayback Machine will show you a calendar with highlighted dates indicating when snapshots of the website were taken. Select a specific date to view the archived version from that time.
4. Explore archived pages: Once you select a date, you’ll be taken to a snapshot of the website as it appeared on that day. You can click on links within the archived page to navigate to other pages of the same date.
5. View different versions: You can use the navigation bar at the top to switch between different archived versions of the website.
The number of snapshots available may vary depending on the frequency with which the website was crawled.

Wayback Machine also has a feature that enables you to save the link of a social media or website post in such a way that it is accessible and usable for future reference even if the original post is deleted by the source. We make use of this feature to keep record of misleading posts. We also reference the archived links in our posts rather than the misleading links to avoid giving more visibility to false information.

How to save web page on Wayback Machine. SOURCE: Internet Archive.

All you need to do is to scroll down and go to the save page option, put the link inside the box, click save page and allow it to generate a new link. The new link is the archived version which can be used for referencing.